Back in 1947, a Congressional committee began investigating Communist influence in Hollywood starting Oct. 20th.
The Cold War began to heat up between the United States and communist-controlled Soviet Union after World War II, writes History. The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) began questioning a number of prominent witnesses, asking “Are you or have you ever been a member of the Communist Party?” Some witnesses gave the committee names, whether out of fear or patriotism. A small group, called The Hollywood Ten, resisted, History explains, saying this violated their First Amendment rights. All 10 were convicted of obstructing the investigation and served jail time. Hollywood then started a blacklist policy, banning the work of about 325 screenwriters, directors and actors who the committee had not yet cleared. Some people were able to keep working, whether it was through pseudonyms or crediting their friends. It wasn’t until the 1960s that the ban began to lift, and finally, in 1997, the Writers’ Guild of America unanimously voted to change the writing credits of 23 films made during the blacklist period, reports History.
Timeput together a list of entertainers who were blacklisted. Check out some of them below.
Chaplin was blacklisted for refusing to co-operate when called before the House Un-American Activities Committee
Welles was a vocal political leftist. He directed Citizen Kane, which some believe supports a Communist ideology.
The actor was blacklisted and was not in movies for seven years.
Horne was a singer, dancer, and actress. She was blacklisted for many years and labeled as a Communist sympathizer because of her civil rights activism and connection to Paul Robeson, who was heavily targeted because of his communist affiliations.
Hughes was affiliated with Communist-linked groups. His poetry sometimes appeared in Communist newspapers.
Miller was a celebrated playwright, but he refused to name suspected Communists when called before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC).
Seeger was an open member of the Communist Party, but refused to name anyone before HUAC in 1955. He was convicted of contempt of Congress and was sentenced to 10 years, though that was later overturned.
Gypsy Rose Lee
Lee was a burlesque star. She attended meetings of the Communist United Front.
Berstein was a composer. He was a suspected Communist but was never called to testify in front of HUAC.
The FBI had a 1,000-page file on the writer. She reported for a Communist magazine and was suspected of supporting the party.
Garfield, who was an actor, refused to name anyone’s name when he testified in front of HUAC. This led to the end of his movie career.
Ives was a folksinger and actor. His involvement with labor unions was suspicious, but he denied affiliation with the Communist Party and cooperated with HUAC. He was removed from the blacklist, but his former friends in the folk community seemed to think he had sold out.
The actress and singer was blacklisted from radio and TV.
Hagen was a German actress who was affiliated with Paul Robeson. She found limited opportunities after she was blacklisted.
Shaw was a clarinetist and bandleader. He attended Communist meetings and was brought before HUAC, where he claimed he only attended the meetings out of interest in social justice. However, people who knew him said his affiliation with the party ran deeper.
The author was a member of the American Communist Party. He took the Fifth Amendment at a hearing. Afterwards, he was charged with contempt of the court and imprisoned for five months.
The actor was briefly blacklisted in the 1950s after he admitted to the HUAC that he had once been a member of a group found to have had links to the Communist party. He was later cleared by the FBI.
In 2019, Virgin America will go the way of airlines like PamAm, TWA and countless others. The airline, which has been in operation since 2007, is merging with Alaska Airlines and will soon become a distant memory. One flight attendant has set out to preserve Virgin America’s history before it disappears forever.
Molly Chroma has spent nearly a decade as a flight attendant for Virgin America and began bringing along her camera during her flight shifts. She snapped photos of her colleagues a few years into her career with the airline. Her hobby took on a new sense of importance when the deal between Alaska Air and Virgin America was announced. Her work eventually caught the eye of Virgin America headquarters. She was recruited to document the airlines culture before its end.
Her series, The Secret Life of Virgins, is a culmination of nearly 10 years in the sky. “I just wanted to preserve it, not necessarily for the public, but for my friends and people like me who grew up with Virgin America,” Choma tells Travel + Leisure.
On October 5, the New York Times published three decades worth of sexual harassment allegations against film mogul Harvey Weinstein. Then, the New Yorker published its own investigation, revealing three women who had accused Weinstein of rape. Since the two articles were released, many more women have come forward with allegations of sexual harassment, assault, and rape.
In total, 30 women have come forward with allegations. But that’s not all. Over the weekend, a campaign started 10 years ago by activist Tarana Burke, to encourage “empowerment through empathy,” re-emerged, according to AV Club. The campaign, “Me Too” encourages survivors to confirm the heart-wrenching truth: that nearly every woman or female-identified person (as well as non-binary individuals and “a significant minority of men”) on Earth has been the victim of sexual assault and/or harassment.” Thousands shared their stories on social media.
Women across Hollywood participated in the “Me Too” campaign, and have continued speaking out about harassment and assault.
Below is a list (in alphabetical order by first name) of women (and some men) who allege they were harassed, assaulted or raped. We will unfortunately update this as more comes out, but as AV Club reminded us: “If it all seems overwhelming, remember: This is only a small fraction. The real numbers are actually much higher.”
Ambra Battilana Gutierrez
Guiterrez, a model, told the police in 2015 that Weinstein had sexually harassed her. She wore a wire during a New York Police Department sting later and taped Weinstein admitting that he’d groped her previously, according to Teen Vogue. The audio was published by the New Yorker, though it did not lead to charges or a trial.
Ferrera took to Instagram to announce she had been the victim of sexual abuse as a child.
A post shared by America Ferrera (@americaferrera) on Oct 16, 2017 at 6:52pm PDT
Jolie told the New York Timesthat she had a “bad experience” with Weinstein in the late 1990s, according to Teen Vogue. She said that she had a bad experience with him in her youth and since then, has decided never to work with him again and warn others against him.
“This behavior towards women in any field, any country is unacceptable,” said Jolie, according to Teen Vogue.
Anika Noni Rose
Rose, an award-winning American singer and actress, posted on Twitter.
The New York Times piece starts with Judd detailing the time Weinstein invited her to a breakfast meeting when she was a young actress. When she arrived at the hotel, Judd was sent to Weinstein’s room where he was waiting in a bathrobe and asked if he could give her a massage or she could watch him shower.
“How do I get out of the room as fast as possible without alienating Harvey Weinstein?” Judd told the Times was her thought process at the time.
Argento told the New Yorker that Weinstein raped her. He forcibly performed oral sex on her, but Argento told the New Yorkerthat she didn’t come forward earlier because she feared he would “crush her,” according to Teen Vogue, because he had crushed a lot of people before.
Björk told the story of her encounters with a “Danish film director” after being inspired by the #MeToo hashtag. She said that the director repeatedly came on to her on set and humiliated and punished her when she turned him down, reports AV Club. “It was extremely clear to me when I walked into the actresses’ profession that my humiliation and role as a lesser, sexually harassed being was the norm,” she wrote.
Delevingne announced on Instagram that Weinstein had harassed her on two separate occasions, once when he called and asked her about her sexual orientation and sexual partners, and another time when he propositioned her and another unidentified woman for sex.
Dunning told the New York Timesthat she expected to attend dinner with Weinstein in 2003, but instead, she was directed to his hotel room, where he was waiting in a bathrobe. Dunning said that Weinstein said she could sign contracts for his next three films if she had a threesome with him.
Messing, who will be starring soon in the reboot of her famous show Will & Grace took to Twitter to voice #MeToo.
Nestor was a temporary employee at the Weinstein Company for one day in 2014. Weinstein invited her to his hotel room, where, according to the New York Times, he told Nestor that he would help her succeed in her career if she accepted his sexual advances.
Emma de Caunes
In 2010, Weinstein asked the French actress to lunch after they met at a party. de Caunes told the New Yorkerthat he lured her to his hotel room saying he was going to show her a book he was turning into a movie. But in the hotel room, de Caunes alleges Weinstein went into the bathroom and emerged naked with an erection and told her to lay down on the bed. She was able to leave, but told the New Yorker that she saw a television director directly after the alleged incident, who confirmed her account of the interaction and confirmed that she was distraught.
Evan Rachel Wood
Wood has talked publicly about being assaulted twice, once by an ex and once by an owner of a bar, reports AV Club. She posted a Twitter statement last year about the assaults after talking about them in a Rolling Stone interview, and she advocates for victims’ rights. She joined in the #MeToo movement on Twitter.
Because I was shamed and considered a “party girl” I felt I deserved it. I shouldnt have been there, I shouldn’t have been “bad” #metoo
Darel told Peoplethat Weinstein propositioned her for sex at a hotel while his wife was in the room next door. This was in the mid-1990s.
Union has been open about her experience as a survivor for many years, reports AV Club. She appeared on Good Morning America to discuss her new book, We’re Gonna Need More Wine. In the book, she details being raped at gunpoint at the age of 19, reports AV Club. She described what it felt like to see the #MeToo hashtag trending.
“I saw #MeToo and my arm went numb. I thought it was all about me, and when I realized literally hundreds of thousands of people, men and women, talking about being a part of this unfortunate club. It just rips your heart out. I will continue talking about it, I will continue to try to keep educating. You see so much now with victim blaming and victim shaming and really trying to put the onus on the victim and trying to say that there’s some right way to deal with trauma. And I just have to keep speaking out to dispel as many misconceptions as possible about sexual violence,” she said, according to AV Club.
Paltrow told the New York Timesthat Weinstein made an advance on her when she was 22-years-old. She was about to start shooting the movie Emma, and after a meeting in his hotel suite, Weinstein put a hand on her leg. He then suggested they go to the bedroom for massages. Paltrow told The Times that she refused and later told her then-boyfriend Brad Pitt. Pitt then reportedly confronted Weinstein, and Paltrow was scared she would get fired because of it.
In a piece for Variety, Graham wrote that in the early 2000s, Weinstein implied during a conversation that she would have to have sex with him in order to get a role in one of his films. Graham said that she declined, and did not work for him professionally, but did not come forward for many years. “While I still do feel guilty for not speaking up all those years ago, I’m glad for this moment of reckoning. To the countless other women who have experienced the gray areas: I believe you,” she said, according to Teen Vogue.
Burton, famous for her roles on One Tree Hill and Lethal Weapon,was a former MTV VJ. She accused Ben Affleck of grabbing her breast during an appearance on Total Request Live in 2003, according to AV Club. This prompted other women to accuse Affleck of improper conduct toward them. Affleck later apologized to Burton with a grammatically incorrect one-line tweet.
The co-creator of Broad City took to Instagram to discuss the “countless” times she has been sexually harassed. The star writes that is it “especially depressing” because “entitled assholes have plagued her from middle school into the present.” She writes that teachers, coworkers, restaurant patrons, a doctor, and even her own employees have harassed her.
A post shared by ilana glazer (@ilanusglazer) on Oct 17, 2017 at 12:11pm PDT
Isa Dick Hackett
Hackett told The Hollywood Reporterthat then-Amazon programming chief Roy Price repeatedly and aggressively sexually propositioned her even after she turned him down. He even told Hackett, who is the producer of Amazon’s The Man in The High Castle and Philip K. Dick’s Electric Dreams, “You will love me dick,” according to her account in The Hollywood Reporter. Price has since resigned from Amazon Studios.
James Van Der Beek
Van Der Beek, a former child star, talked about his own experience of being assaulted by “older, powerful men,” after Terry Crews came forward, reports AV Club.
I’ve had my ass grabbed by older, powerful men, I’ve had them corner me in inappropriate sexual conversations when I was much younger…
A post shared by Jennifer Lawrence Updates (@jenlawrnces) on Oct 16, 2017 at 10:14pm PDT
“During this time, a female producer had me do a nude lineup with about five women who were much, much, thinner than me,” she said. “We stood side by side with only paste-ons covering our privates,” she said, according to AV Club. Lawrence said she went to another producer to complain, and he said, he didn’t know why everyone thought she was fat. “He thought I was ‘perfectly fuckable,'” she said, according to AV Club.
Slate took to Twitter to join the #MeToo movement.
Bc I thought ppl wld blame me or my sense of humor (which they DID, btw) it was scary°rading to speak out re: harassment at work. #MeToo
Barth told the New Yorkerthat in 2011, Weinstein asked her to give him a massage while he was naked.
While at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival, Weinstein invited Godrèche up to his hotel suite to talk business. He then asked her for a massage, she told the New York Timesand when she refused, he told her casual massages are an American custom.
She told The Times, “The next thing I know, he’s pressing against me and pulling off my sweater.”
Beckinsale told The Hollywood Reporter that she met Weinstein when she was only 17-years-old. He invited her up to his hotel room, where he greeted her while only wearing a bathrobe. He offered her alcohol. She said she was able to leave without incident, but that when she saw Weinstein years later, he didn’t recall the event.
“A few years later, he asked me if he had tried anything with me in that first meeting. I realized he couldn’t remember if he had assaulted me or not,” she said to The Hollywood Reporter.
Kendall told the New York Timesthat after a screening of a movie with Weinstein in when she was 23, Weinstein said he had something to pick up from his apartment and she went with him. After about an hour of talking and drinking, Kendall alleges that Weinstein went to the bathroom and emerged in a bathrobe. He then asked her for a massage. She declined, and Weinstein took off the robe and chased her, then tried to get her to show her breasts, according to Teen Vogue.
Dawson, an American singer-songwriter, took to Twitter to post a photograph of Me, Too written across a foot.
Lady Gaga revealed in 2014 that she had been raped at the hands of a record producer. At the 2016 Oscars, she performed a powerful rendition of her song “Til It Happens To You,” surrounded by fellow survivors, reports AV Club. She took to Twitter to join in the “Me Too” movement.
Madden was an assistant of Weinstein’s. She told the New York Timesthat he propositioned her for massages during the 90s. She is quoted in The Times saying, “It was so manipulative. You constantly question yourself — am I the one who is the problem?”
Sivan was one of the first women to come forward after the New York Times article. She told HuffPostthat Weinstein had masturbated in front of her. He also tried to kiss her and trapped her between two rooms.
O’Connor wrote an internal memo about the “toxic environment” at the Weinstein Company. This memo was a huge part of the initial New York Timesstory, according to Teen Vogue. “I am a 28 year old woman trying to make a living and a career. Harvey Weinstein is a 64 year old, world famous man and this is his company. The balance of power is me: 0, Harvey Weinstein: 10,” O’Connor wrote in a memo at the time.
Seydoux wrote in The Guardianthat Weinstein allegedly invited her to his hotel room, where he tried to kiss her. She was able to get away, but she said she had to see him multiple times after this because of his fame in the industry. “This industry is based on desirable actresses. You have to be desirable and loved. But not all desires have to be fulfilled, even though men in the industry have an expectation that theirs should be,” she said, according to Teen Vogue.
Campbell alleges that Weinstein asked her to take a bath with him after meeting him at his hotel suite, according to a piece in the U.K. publication The Sunday Times.
Geiss said that Weinstein offered to meet with her at the 2008 Sundance Film Festival to go over a screenplay she was pitching. She said during a press conference that after about 30 minutes in his office, Weinstein left and returned only wearing a bathrobe. He then told her he was going to get into a hot tub and wanted to masturbate in front of her, according to Teen Vogue.
Godbold wrote in a blog post that Weinstein allegedly trapped her in an empty meeting room, where he propositioned her for a massage and put his hands on her shoulders.
“No one needs ‘that kind of publicity,’ least of all the hundreds of women Harvey must have propositioned over the decades,” she said of the women coming forward, according to Teen Vogue. “He will remain rich and powerful, the women will remain unknown, silent, hurting, because to speak up would be even more painful in this climate of victim-blaming.
Evans told the New Yorker that in 2004, when she was an aspiring actress, she met Weinstein at a club in New York City. Weinstein scheduled a meeting with her, and Evans alleges Weinstein forced her to perform oral sex on him.
“I said, over and over, ‘I don’t want to do this, stop, don’t,'” she said, according to New Yorker. “I tried to get away, but maybe I didn’t try hard enough. I didn’t want to kick him or fight him.”
She says that she “just sort of gave up,” according to Teen Vogue, and “that’s the most horrible part of it, and that’s why he’s been able to do this for so long to so many women: people give up, and then they feel like it’s their fault.”
Anthony, a British actress, said during an interview with The Sunday Timesthat Weinstein raped her. She claims the producer came to her home, and she answer the door in a dressing gown. “He pushed me inside and rammed me up against the coat rack and started fumbling at my gown,” Anthony explained, according to Teen Vogue. “He was trying to kiss me and shove inside me.” She told The Times that she was ultimately unable to fight him off, and called the incident “pathetic” and “revolting.”
Lynskey has been an outspoken supporter of the women who have come forward accusing Weinstein. She added her voice in a thread responding to a New York Times editorial by Big Bang Theory star Mayim Bialik. Bialik said in the piece that her modest dress and her lack of conformity to an “impossible standard of beauty” is why she has not experienced sexual harassment on set.
I’ve tried to stay true to my feminist principles in my work. Which can be hard when you have a limited amount of options
Sorvino told the New Yorkerthat in 1995, Weinstein started massaging her shoulders in a hotel room and “chasing her around.” Though she was able to get away that time, there was another incident where Weinstein showed up at her apartment after midnight. He claimed they need to go over marketing ideas for a movie. Sorvino told the producer that her boyfriend was on his way, and he left.
Ringwald wrote an Op-Ed for New Yorker, saying that while she was able to avoid harassment during her dealings with Weinstein, she has “plenty of Harveys of my own over the years, enough to feel a sickening shock of recognition,” according to AV Club. She recalls a humiliating audition where she had to wear a dog collar for reasons that had nothing to do with the scene, as well as other experiences from her early teens.
“Stories like these have never been taken seriously. Women are shamed, told they are uptight, nasty, bitter, can’t take a joke, are too sensitive,” Ringwald writes, according to AV Club. “And the men? Well, if they’re lucky, they might get elected President.”
According to AV Club, after director Oliver Stone expressed sympathy for Harvey Weinstein, Arquette suggested that this was a case of “creeps protecting their own” by describing her own experience with Stone. He asked her to meet about a film that was “very sexual” in content. Arquette is now calling for an end to the backlog of thousands of rape kits that are sitting untested around the world, reports AV Club.
During the Elle Women in Hollywood Awards, Witherspoon said (of the Harvey Weinstein allegations), “I have my own experiences that have come back to me very vividly, and I have found it hard to sleep, hard to think, hard to communicate,” reports AV Club.The actress revealed that she was sexually assaulted by a director when she was 16-years-old. According to AV Club, Witherspoon said she has had multiple experiences of harassment and sexual assault, but doesn’t speak about them very often. She said “after hearing all the stories these past few days and hearing these brave women speak up tonight, the things that we’re kind of told to sweep under the rug and not talk about, it’s made me want to speak up and speak up loudly because I felt less alone this week than I’ve ever felt in my entire career,” reports AV Club.
Garai told The Guardianthat she had to audition for a film for Weinstein in nothing but a “dressing gown,” according to Teen Vogue. She said the situation was “humiliating.” “The point was that he could get a young woman to do that, that I didn’t have a choice, that it was humiliating for me and that he had the power. It was an abuse of power,” she said, according to Teen Vogue.
McGowan alleged that Weinstein raped her during a Twitter thread posted Thursday, Oct. 12.
1) @jeffbezos I told the head of your studio that HW raped me. Over & over I said it. He said it hadn’t been proven. I said I was the proof.
McGowan declined to comment for the initial the New York Times piece, reports Teen Vogue, but the paper reports that in 1997, McGowan and Weinstein reached a $100,000 settlement after an “episode” in a hotel room. In the wake of the article, McGowan took to Twitter to respond to all the allegations against Weinstein that were coming out.
Arquette went to Weinstein’s hotel room to pick up a script in the early 1990s. She told the New York Timesthat he was waiting for her in a bathrobe and asked for a massage. When she suggested he get a profession masseuse, Arquette claims Weinstein grabbed her hand and pulled it towards his genitals. When she pulled away, Weinstein reportedly told her she was “making a big mistake.”
Masse told Variety that Weinstein hugged her in his underwear and said he loved her while she was interviewing for a nanny job in 2008. She did not get the job, and she told Varietythat it “felt like I dodged a bullet.”
A former Miramax employee alleged that Weinstein raped her in the basement of his London office 25 years ago. She is going by the alias of Sarah Smith for legal reasons, and she told The Daily Mailthat she remembers that she though “I have to keep saying ‘No!'” According to Teen Vogue, she told Daily Mail, “I was very aware that if a woman says no, it means no. And that was the one thing going through my mind throughout, ‘No, no, no, no!’ It was over very quickly and then he just said, ‘Get out!’ I remember walking home that night and it was cold and sodden. I was mortified and ashamed. I didn’t tell anyone.”
Dix told The Guardianthat Weinstein pushed her onto his bed in the 1990s while in his hotel room. He then forcibly tried to remove her clothes. After Dix escaped and later returned, Teen Voguereports, she alleged that Weinstein was masturbating.
Crews came forward in light of the Weinstein allegations to share his story of being groped by an unnamed Hollywood executive while at a party, reports AV Club. The groping took place in front of his wife. According to AV Club, Crews said the shame and fear prevented him from speaking out earlier.
“Hopefully, me coming forward with my story will deter a predator and encourage someone who feels hopeless,” he said in a Twitter thread, according to AV Club.
This whole thing with Harvey Weinstein is giving me PTSD. Why? Because this kind of thing happened to ME. (1/Cont.)
Roberts told the New York Timesthat in 1984, she was an aspiring actress and Weinstein offered to help her get a role in a film. Roberts alleges that he was naked in his bathtub when she arrived at his hotel, which is where she was told to meet him. Weinstein then told her that Roberts couldn’t get the role unless she was topless in front of him, reports Teen Vogue.
There are many women who have chosen to remain anonymous who have accused Weinstein of sexual assault and harassment. One woman who alleged that Weinstein had raped her told The New Yorkerthat “He drags your name through the mud, and he’ll come after you hard with his legal team,” reports Teen Vogue.
The New York Timesreports that Perkins, one of Weinstein’s former assistants, reportedly confronted Weinstein after he’d made a number of inappropriate remarks and requests to female employees.
Brock told The Guardianthat Weinstein cornered her and asked her for a massage while he was naked when she was 23-years-old. She locked herself in the bathroom in order to escape, according to Teen Vogue.
Los Angeles-based photography team Kremer Johnson has created a captivating project featuring photos of complete strangers. For their ongoing portrait series, photographers Neil Kremer and Cory Johnson found their subjects using Craigslist. The strangers all responded to an ad titled ‘Characters Wanted’ and agreed to pose for $20 an hour.
The locations of the shoots are based off the subjects responses to what place best matches their character. The duo has photographed 30 people so far for their project Craigslist Encounters and is aiming to photograph over 100 more in the upcoming year.
Take a look at the most compelling people who have responded to their ad so far.
In the modern comfortable world, there are plenty of things people generally run to … Black Friday sales, marathon finish lines, arms of loved ones and discounts on curly kale at Whole Foods.
There are also things we are instinctively programmed to run from … large predators (although fleeing is not generally advisable), falling objects, smothering relationships and detrimental weather patterns…unless, of course, you’re a storm chaser.
Enter Jaclyn Whittal…not only a real-life Lara Croft but also a real-life Helen Hunt of Twister fame. As a meteorologist for The Weather Network and co-star of Storm Chasers she is a regular in Tornado Alley hunting down the tempests that have everyone else ducking for cover in storm cellars and hallway closets.
Wake up for storm chasers is on the early side, with the roosters. Digs are roadside motels and junk food is on the daily menu. You eat when you can. You sleep when you can. When it’s go time, there’s little focus on anything other than the situation at hand. Jacklyn has been chasing for seven years. With blaring tornado sirens as her soundtrack, she touches up her lipstick from inside an armored vehicle before describing to her audience how a once Norman Rockwell-esque town looks like it’s been tossed into a blender. The goal is to let them know before. To outwit mother nature at her own game and learn as much about the patterns of these storms as possible to give people the best chance at surviving them. And then there’s the adrenaline. Not for the faint of heart is in the job description.
According to Jaclyn, Hollywood got it right. There is debris and camaraderie, steak dinners at the end of a solid day of chasing and goofy inside jokes.
Here’s to hoping there is even a good ole fashioned love story happening somewhere on the windswept Great Plains. Who needs a white stallion and a sunset to ride off into when you have an armored vehicle and the tumultuous zephyr of earth’s atmosphere…complete with tunes by Shania Twain. Eat your heart out Princess Bride.
The Tornado Intercept Vehicle (TIV) isn’t Hollywood fodder either…even though it is a visual manifestation of Mad Max and Batman brainstorming a new tank for the military. It’s a legitimate chasing device designed to withstand a direct hit from 200 mph winds complete with bullet-resistant polycarbonate sheets and glass, steel skin and frame and weighing in at nearly 15,000 pounds…for the nicer models of course.
Storm chasing emerging as a daring pursuit can be traced back to John Muir and Benjamin Franklin (remember the kite and key experiment?) but it’s David Hoadley who is recognized as kicking it into high gear as a profession, chasing North Dakota storms in the 1950’s. That passion led to the inception of Storm Track magazine and the formation of a storm-chasing community. Hoadley, now in his late 70s, still roams the Great Plains in search of violent weather patterns.
Explosive is how one might describe a career spent stalking of some of the planet’s most intense mood swings. Winds more than 300 miles per hour are an occupational hazard, but then again, when a three-mile-wide vortex of centripetal force is bearing down on you pretty much everything in sight becomes hazardous to your health. Supercells, thunderstorms with rotating updrafts that spawn tornados, sound like a line from a straight to video SyFy flick, but they’re as real as it gets. The United States leads the global count in tornados, with more than one thousand annually. Canada is second in line. So it seems North America takes the proverbial cake in the winds department. That’s a good deal of chasing. Toss in this year’s crop of back to back hurricanes and you’ve got a lot of steak dinners for Jaclyn and team.
Passion is a powerful driving force for people. How did yours develop and mold who you are and what you do?
JW: I started my career as a professional singer on stage. I toured Europe playing Sandy in the musical Grease. I have recorded two independent rock albums and played literally hundreds and hundreds of shows on stage. Music was my passion. I wanted to challenge my academic side so when I turned 30, I went back to school for meteorology. That led to a meeting with a photographer in the Canadian prairies who asked if I wanted to go storm chasing. One thing led to another and now, seven years later, here I am. I’ve had the opportunity to chase the widest tornado in US history. I also chased hurricane Harvey recently which was the first storm to break the major hurricane landfall drought in the U.S. and produce the most rainfall ever recorded in a tropical cyclone. I never thought I could be passionate about anything other than music. I was wrong.
What does being a storm chaser actually entail? Most of us are now picturing Helen Hunt in Twister.
JW: Honestly the movie Twister really describes what we do perfectly other than it’s a little out-dated technology wise. Helen Hunt is really a lot like me! Twister is a good example of the culture of storm chasers. We’re all good friends out there. We’re like brother and sister, my chase part-ner and I, and we have a ton of fun chasing. That being said, we’re also putting a huge amount of trust in each other’s hands. Driving close to one of mother nature’s most dangerous offerings.
Armored vehicles are very real. So are steak dinners when you “nab” a tornado, and so are storm chaser songs and inside jokes. We use the ham radio to communicate and we stay close in every way. We convoy with our vehicles and make decisions together.
Describe the feeling of being outdoors in the presence of a massive storm using the five senses.
JW: The tornado looks like a tall building that is moving close to use. You can see the debris being tossed about in the power column of air. You can see the condensation cloud, but sometimes you can’t see it. You can see the twister changing shapes and sizes.
You can hear the “freight train”…and it does sound like this. You can hear steel being crunched, bent and tossed around. You hear the wind picking up and whistling loudly. You can hear the winds at the surface blowing the grass into the inflow of the thunderstorm. You can hear the rain shaft in the distance. Trucks going by. Traffic.
You can smell the earth being churned up when you are in a damage path after a tornado. You can smell wood, insulation. You can smell gas when gas lines are down. Worms, mud and moisture. Mold and warm rain. You can smell manure.
You can taste organic matter in the air. You can taste the bits of road snacks from the local gas station you ate a few minutes ago. You can taste the smoke from a local chaser that is smoking next to you.
You can touch the sharp nail that has been blown into your tire on the side of the road. You touch the cold hailstones as you gather them in the field. You touch the steering wheel again even though you’re tired of driving. You touch the car door as you can barely push it open against the wind.
How do you prep for and stay safe on a chase?
JW: We usually stay together in a group, especially in a hurricane chase. When it comes to tornado chasing the best thing that can keep you safe is your eyes…watching what the storm does and how it moves in front of you. The shape of the clouds, the base of the storm, the motion of the storm. Radar is a very integral tool to use so keeping your cell phone, tablet or laptop charged with lots of data is also something that can really be the difference between being safe or putting yourself in a dangerous spot of the storm.
JW: El Reno, Oklahoma. We were only about a mile away from what became the largest/widest tornado in North American history. It grew to a very large wedge tornado at a size of 4.2 miles wide in a matter of seconds. We almost got caught, we almost didn’t get away quickly enough. Three chasers died that day a half a mile up the road from us as the tornado caught up to them.
What’s your end of day routine after a big storm chase?
JW: Usually we are either driving to another county or state to get into position for the next day. If we’re not driving we usually like to go out for a nice dinner. It will be a steak dinner if we saw a tornado that day (to celebrate…and only if it didn’t do any damage). If not, it’s usually authentic Mexican food in the central plains. Usually a margarita in there too.
What’s it like to be a really successful woman in a relatively male-dominated space?
JW: Honestly it’s more about keeping up with the guys than anything.I say that in a tongue and cheek kinda way. I have never met a guy in the field that has ever tried to make me feel like I can’t do as good a job as they can, which is awesome. Really it’s more about learning to have guys around you that burp, fart and tell dirty jokes, etc. My chase team, particularly my chase partner Mark Robinson, treats me with utmost respect.
Most people would be terrified to do what you do. So what terrifies you…if anything?
JW: Spiders, snakes…things like that! In all seriousness, I think earthquakes and the result of a tsunami would probably be the most terrifying type of natural hazard one could ever experience. The idea of a tsunami coming at a town where you live is something that completely terrifies me. Also, underwater diving/ scuba diving makes me feel nervous. I feel very claustrophobic when I am under water in the ocean…not a pool though. (I will take you diving in the ocean anytime! – Kinga)
What future life and career goals do you have?
JW: I would really like to become a good horseback rider and own a horse one day. I also wish to live in a different part of the world, probably somewhere in the Mediterranean with my husband. As far as my career, I’m really not sure what is next but I do believe that every person has three careers in them. I heard that once and like that plan. Next career? No clue!
What other hobbies do you have that people might not expect?
JW: I’m a marathon runner and newbie biker. I have switched because of a hip injury. I love gardening and I am a newbie horseback rider. I have learned to trot. Cantering is next. I really love home decor…I’m not sure that I’m any good at it but I really love doing it.
Everyone has a message they put out into the world through their words, actions and lifestyle. What is yours?
JW: I feel that the world is much smaller now. I think we waste too much time worrying about trivial issues in our day to day lives instead of exploring the world and doing more meaningful things in life. It took me until now to realize this. I turn 40 next year. You only get to go around once.
Advice for anyone looking to get into something like storm chasing?
JW: Learn the meteorology. Know your stuff before going out in the field. There are a lot of chasers out there now that think they know how to read radar or read model data…but maybe they really don’t. It really could be the difference between saving your life or not.
Surround yourself with trustworthy people and get rest when you can. Also, eat when you can. In a disaster zone, you never know when you may be able to eat again.
Answer this for me and anyone else out there doing the same thing. I grew up in Oklahoma. I’m very familiar with twisters. Our protocol was to put a mattress over us in the bathtub when the sirens went off. Is this advisable or do you have a better suggestion?
JW: A storm shelter is always the best spot to be during a tornado in Oklahoma. If you do not have a storm shelter then yes, the most central point of your home, particularly a bathroom in a bathtub, is a very safe spot to be. I have seen many people live through major tornados taking these actions.
Photographer Lauren Greenfield has been documenting the shift in values and in the American Dream for the last 25 years. Her series Generation Wealth provides and insightful investigation into the pursuit of wealth, and its material trappings and elusive promises of happiness, and how it has evolved since the early 1990s.
Greenfield reveals stories of students, single parents, and families overwhelmed by crushing debt, yet determined to purchase luxury goods and experiences far beyond their reach. The series was primarily focused on American stories but also includes perspectives from Ireland, Iceland, the United Arab Emirates, China and Russia.
The visual record and thematic investigation of wealth obsession features over 200 photographs, candid interviews, and documentary film footage. Weaving together stories about affluence, beauty, body image, competition, corruption, fantasy, and excess, Greenfield’s project questions the distance between value and commodity in a globalized consumerist culture.
“This is about the desire for wealth and how that has become a driving force—and at the same time an increasingly unrealistic goal—for individuals from all classes of society,” says Greenfield.
Generation Wealth, orginally shown at the Annenberg Space for Photography, is currently on exhibit at ICP Museum through Jan. 7, 2018 and was recently published through Phaidon.
Robert Mann Gallery presents Herman Leonard: The Rhythm of Old New York, a symphonic collection of the artist’s iconic images of New York jazz that capture, in velvet tones and poetic compositions, the coolest cats in town.
Considered one of the most prominent jazz photographers, Herman Leonard was born the son of Romanian immigrants in Allentown, Pennsylvania. After witnessing an image being developed in his brother’s darkroom at the young age of nine, Leonard became enthralled with the magic of photography. In 1947, he graduated from Ohio University with bachelor of fine arts in photography, after which he spent a year as an apprentice to master Canadian portrait photographer, Yousuf Karsh. Later assignments would take him to East Asia, where in the 1950s he served as Marlon Brando’s personal photographer, and Paris, where he worked as a correspondent for Playboy and Time magazines.
Leonard’s most enduring pursuit was quintessentially American: jazz. It was this passion for music that led him to establish a studio in the heart of Greenwich Village in 1949. He ventured to the swinging clubs of Broadway, 52nd Street and Harlem. While shooting at The Royal Roost, Birdland, and Bop City, he photographed and developed friendships with some of the legends of jazz history, including Charlie Parker, Sarah Vaughan, Dizzy Gillespie, Billie Holiday, Chet Baker, and many more. Making use of techniques like backlighting to set his subjects apart from the background, Leonard gracefully captured a world of shadow, dark interiors, gleaming microphones, and feathery wisps of cigarette smoke that dance to the beat, while captivating viewers in the energy and emotion of the moment.
Leonard’s works are found in numerous public collections including the Smithsonian Institute, Lincoln Center and the George Eastman House, as well as the private collections of Sir Elton John, Bruce Bernard, and President Bill Clinton. While his New Orleans studio and at least 8,000 original prints were destroyed in 2005 by Hurricane Katrina, his complete collection of over 35,000 negatives survived and have been fully archived through a grant from the Grammy Foundation.
If you have ever sat around thinking, “Wow, I wonder what similar characteristics pro athletes have, I wish I had a compilation of all their faces,” Reddit user osmutiar has the answer for you.
Osmutiar gathered datasets of photographs of top-class athletes and created algorithms that “draw” the average face, reports BoredPanda.
By doing this, writes BoredPanda, he was able to create the “typical look” of top male tennis players, female and male football players, professional golfers, and NBA stars.
According to BoredPanda, he explained the process by asking them to imagine you have sets of images for all professional golfers. But the images have holes punch on their eyes and mouth.
“Now you are asked to place those pictures like stacking dominos on the floor so that you can align holes on all of the pictures. How will you do it? Analogous to what you’d probably do is the Affine Transform in image processing. After aligning images, it is basically just the average value of each pixel,” he said, according to BoredPanda.
Since 2002, photographer and former MTV News correspondent Tabitha Soren has followed the careers and lives of 21 players from the Oakland A’s minor league draft class. The same class that would become the subject of her husband Michael Lewis’s book Moneyball.
“When I met these players,” says Soren, “they were compelling to me because of their bright big sense of purpose and hopefulness. But the photo project ended up being a story about fallibility. The consequences of falling from grace. It’s about losing what you love the most. How people face their lives without the one element that used to give it meaning is a measuring stick of character.”
Below are some of the most striking photos from the book.
Elle’s Women in Hollywood issue comes out Oct. 17, and highlights the biggest names in the industry. But the magazine, who has been doing a Women in Hollywood issue for 24 years, also digs deeper into the women’s stories, like what it is like to portray relatable women, why traditional roles never worked for her as an actress, or which other women have influenced her career.
The full list comes out in the magazine, but Elleprovided a teaser.
Jennifer Lawrence says that she worries about the work during the filming process, but after it’s finished, “it’s done for me. I’ve done my work, and I’ve gotten what I need to get out of it—I’ve fulfilled myself,” according to Elle.
Margot Robbie told Elle she never thought she’d want to be a producer, but she got to the point “where I felt like I was everyone’s puppet.” So she decided to start having a say in the art she was making.
Jessica Chastain created a production company, Freckle Films, and she told Elle that the company is for “finding and creating opportunities for women and minority groups that might not have an outlet, whether it be as a writer or an actor or a director.” She wants to help create stepping stones for others.
Cicely Tyson told Elle that she had a teacher named Vinnette Carroll at the very beginning of her career who taught her the importance of learning your craft, because when all else fails, “you will land on that, and that alone.”
Riley Keough told Elle that she wished she could find something more interesting to say about the sex scenes in The Girlfriend Experience, but she doesn’t “find nudity difficult.” She says Americans might feel differently, but she “wasn’t squeamish.”
Kathleen Kennedy said that though she doesn’t like to be in front of the camera, she is happy to be a role model for women to recognize they can make it in film, writes Elle.
Laura Dern told Elle about how in her twenties, the characters she was asked to play were limited by being “just a girl.” But now, she’s “having the time of her life” playing roles that are not a girl, but still haven’t figured everything out.
Tessa Thompson straight-forwardly discusses why traditional roles never worked for her, saying that “our ideas about what a young black person or a young Mexican person or a young white person should be like weren’t as expansive then as they are now,” according to Elle. She said that this made her feel like she had to fit in a box, but those roles “weren’t going to work for her.”
You can see the whole teaser list of Women in Hollywood here, on Elle, and the full list on Oct. 17.
For decades, dinnertime has been depicted as a time when families gather together after a long day to sit down and have a home-cooked meal and bond with loved ones. But how true does that depiction ring today?
From 2013-2013 photographer, Lois Bielefeld traveled through parts of America for her series ‘Weeknight Dinners’. The artists, who’s represented by Portrait Society Gallery, visited households in states including Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi to see how families sat down for dinner on typical work nights when individuals have less free time.
Here is what Bielefeld had to say about her project:
What inspired you to do the ‘Weeknight Dinners’?
Lois Bielefeld: I’ve always loved food. Growing up, one of my chores was to make a weekend lunch for the family. I could make whatever I wanted but I needed to follow a recipe, write and give my parents the ingredient list, and then make it for the family. My family always ate together for the evening meal and we had to ask to be excused to leave the table. This being said, I have very little memory of the time we spent at the table and the conversations. I wonder if through this project, a small element in me is chasing the void of my own childhood family mealtimes. Regardless, I love mealtime with my wife and daughter- we chat and reconnect and share about our days. That being said often our irregular schedules dominate and I would say we eat together maybe half the week and the other half we each do our own thing. There is something deeply rooted in the American psyche regarding dinner. The American ideal is to eat a home-cooked meal as a family around a table with no distractions while talking about the day. When thinking about this project I was very interested in this ideal versus the reality, which has very much so plays out in my own mealtimes.
When thinking about future project ideas, often I’ll have that serendipitous moment of an idea, write it down, and then it will regularly come up until I recognize it’s the right time to pursue it. I don’t remember when I first started thinking about Weeknight Dinners as a project but I knew that I was interested in observing people’s habits and nightly rituals. The project specifically is shot Monday through Thursday evenings, as I wanted to capture habits and rituals that are shaped by the weeknight time crunch rather than the weekends when people have more time. I work in series as I love to see the similarities and differences people exhibit within the same topic – we all eat. I started the series in 2013 during the Mary Nohl Fellowship that I received in fall 2012. I worked on the series from 2013-2015, making 78 portraits predominantly in the U.S. but also 16 while overseas in Luxembourg during a 10-week artist residence in 2015.
How did you find your subjects?
LB: Often when I begin a new series, I reach out to people I know and often whom I’ve photographed for other series (I love seeing different views into the same people’s lives over the span of time and sometimes space). As a project progresses I start reaching out to strangers in a variety of ways. Sometimes in public I’ll just see someone and approach them, other times people will recommend people to me. I have also posted about projects on community forums and bulletin boards (both online and physical). And if I’m looking for someone specific (say someone who lives in Tulsa, OK) I’ll often put something out on FB and see what surfaces.
Did you find it a little uncomfortable in the beginning to photograph your subjects during such an intimate time?
LB: Not at all! I’ve always craved going into people’s homes- it’s inspiring, curious, and gives so many sometimes subtle and sometimes blatant insights about someone. Basically, I’m super nosy about people’s habits and I ask a lot of questions. Do they cook, if so from recipes or ad-libbing? Who cooks? Tell me about why they eat in this spot in the house? Do they always eat together? Who does the shopping and meal planning? Do they have any favorite meals? How do they plan around busy schedules? I find this helps put people at ease while a camera is aimed at them. I love being in people’s homes and seeing their space and aesthetic.
What has your series taught you about people and have you noticed a change in the way families and individuals view ‘dinner time’?
LB: The project specifically is shot Monday through Thursday evenings, as I wanted to capture habits and rituals that are shaped by the weeknight time crunch rather than the weekends when people have more time. I work in series as I love to see the similarities and differences people exhibit within the same topic – we all eat. I was surprised by the vast differences in where people ate and what they ate. This reality contrasts with the archetype or projected ideal associated with dinner which is families eating at the table – everyone eats at the same time and eats the same food. This ideal is deeply rooted in the American psyche. And this ideal was rarely the case with my portraits. Some families would picnic on the floor every night while another gentleman always stands at the countertop, reads the newspaper, and looks out the window on the street while he eats. Other families ate in different parts of the home and all prepared their own quick meal. I observed this quite often – people would eat together but eat different things. It was a way to make mealtime peaceful with different tastes. I definitely noticed in the family structure that often parents catered to both their children’s schedules in terms of dinner timing but also the foods they served (such as chicken fingers or noodles with butter). Some families had a specific TV show they would all watch together, for example, one family was on around the 200th episode of Fraser. It is this ritual and routines that I personally find fascinating and gives insights to our culture.
Rick and company are finally preparing to take the fight to Neegan during the zombie apocalypse but who said that they can’t have a little fun along the way?
Ahead of The Walking Dead‘s season 8 premier on Oct 22, AMC has treated it’s fans to a handful of photos of the cast and crew from the upcoming episode. The behind-the-scenes photos show the tight-knit group of actors our smiling, laughing and joking around.
Take a look at some of lighthearted moments on the set with our favorite group zombie killers.