The Nobel Prize laureates for physics 2018 Arthur Ashkin of the United States won one half of the prize, while Gerard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada shared the other half. (HANNA FRANZEN/AFP/Getty Images)

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Nobel Prize In Physics Shared By Woman, First in 55 Years

The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded on Tuesday to Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland.

The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Arthur Ashkin of the United States, and to Gérard Mourou of France and Donna Strickland of Canada for their work in using light to make miniature tools, reports The New York Times. 

Dr. Ashkin invented “optical tweezers,” which use pressure from a highly focused laser beam so that researchers can hold microscopic objects steady. Dr. Strickland and Dr. Mourou created a method of generating high intensity, ultrashort laser pulses, known as chirped pulse amplification, according to The Times. 

Dr. Mourou’s and Dr. Strickand’s work has real-world applications, including in eye surgery and manufacturing. Dr. Ashkin’s work has been especially important in biological research on viruses and other microbes.

Dr. Strickland is only the third woman to win the Physics prize and is the first woman in 55 years to win.

Read the full story at The New York Times